Growing Moringa from cuttings

In this video we will look at propagation moringa plants by means of cuttings.
At the end of this video you should have a good understanding of producing Moringa plants by cuttings.
Moringa is easily propagated by stem cuttings.
Propagating plants from cuttings has 2 distinct advantages.
No 1. Clonal propagation.
Producing plants from cuttings is a means of clonal propagation. This means that the new plant will have the exact traits than that of the mother plant it was taken from. These traits could include, growth rate, growth form, yield expectations and size of leaves and fruit pods. Plants produced from seed, would show much divers traits within a population.

No 2. Shortened juvenile phase.
In general, the production of plants from cuttings eliminates the juvenile phase. The juvenile phase is the period in a plants development where the plant is too young to produce flowers or seeds. Although moringa has a very short juvenile phase we have found that plants produced from cutting reach full production much faster, than plants produced from seed, with subsequent economic advantage.
The advantages for establishing a moringa orchard from cuttings include:
1. Uniform growth pattern
2. Predictable yield expectations
3. Uniform growth tempo
4. Shortened period from planting to full production.

Cutting production.
Moringa plants can be produced from cuttings stuck straight into the field or from container stuck cuttings. Let’s look at each of these more closely.

Field stuck
Filed stuck cuttings must only be considered under ideal climatic and growing conditions or with the addition of irrigation under hot dry conditions. Due to this fact, field stuck cuttings might have a lower take rate. Cuttings must be taken during the active growing season from healthy mother plants. Cuttings can be 30- 50cm long with a stem diameter of at least 3- 5 cm. The cuttings are stuck straight into prepared fields and kept moist, till root and leave appearance.

Container stuck.
In general, these cuttings are smaller and has a take rate. Cuttings should have a diameter in excess of 1 cm and the cuttings should be between 20- 30 cm long. Cuttings should be stuck in a good cutting mix. We use a mix with a composition of 40% coir, 40 % peat and 20 % vermiculite. The pot size to be used depends on the volume of production and the available space for rooting. Rooting hormone can be applied to the cutting to speed up rooting. After sticking, place pots in a high lite area and keep moist. Remember to harden off you rooted plants before field planting.

We hope you have a better understanding of rooting Moringa. Check out our Moringa playlist for more videos like this.

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